Planets and Their Atmospheres, Volume 33 Origins and Evolution (International Geophysics) by John S. Lewis

Cover of: Planets and Their Atmospheres, Volume 33 | John S. Lewis

Published by Academic Press .

Written in English

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  • Astronomy, Space & Time,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Earth Sciences - Meteorology & Climatology,
  • Science,
  • Astronomy - General,
  • Astrophysics & Space Science,
  • Science / Astronomy,
  • Planetology

Book details

The Physical Object
Number of Pages470
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL9282568M
ISBN 10012446582X
ISBN 109780124465824

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Purchase Planets and Their Atmospheres, Planets and Their Atmospheres 33 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNPlanets and Their Atmospheres: Origins and Evolution (Volume Planets and Their Atmospheres (International Geophysics (Volume 33)) 1st Edition by John S.

Lewis (Author) › Visit Amazon's John S. Lewis Page. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. See search results for this author Format: Paperback. Planets and Their Atmospheres: Origins and Evolution (ISSN Book 33) - Kindle edition by Lewis, John S., Prinn, Ronald G., Donn, William L.

Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Planets and Their Atmospheres: Origins and Evolution (ISSN Book 33).Manufacturer: Academic Press.

Planets and Their Atmospheres Origin and Evolution. Edited by John S. Lewis, Ronald G. Prinn. Vol Pages iii-x, (). Purchase Planets and Their Atmospheres: Origin and Evolution, Volume 33 - 1st Edition.

Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Atmosphere - Atmosphere - The atmospheres of other planets: Astronomical bodies retain an atmosphere when their escape velocity is significantly larger than the average molecular velocity of the gases present in the atmosphere.

There are 8 planets and over moons in the solar system. Of these, the planets Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune have significant atmospheres.

The outer atmosphere of Saturn contains % molecular hydrogen and % helium by volume. The gas giant is also known to contain heavier elements, though the proportions of.

Planets and Their Atmospheres: Origin and Evolution John S. Lewis and Ronald G. Prinn (Eds.) This work is addressed to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in astronomy, geology, chemistry, meteorology, and the planetary sciences as well as to researchers with pertinent areas of specialization who desire an introduction to the.

The Atmospheres of the Terrestrial Planets. How did the terrestrial planets get their atmospheres. Two distinctly different processes exist for the formation and development of the atmosphere of a terrestrial planet. The first is capture of a primitive, or primary, atmosphere.

The second is the outgassing of a secondary atmosphere. The study of extraterrestrial atmospheres is an active field of research, both as an aspect of astronomy and to gain insight into Earth's atmosphere.

In addition to Earth, many of the other astronomical objects in the Solar System have include all the gas giants, as well as Mars, Venus, and l moons and other bodies also have atmospheres, as do comets and the Sun. An atmosphere (from Ancient Greek ἀτμός (atmos), meaning 'vapour', and σφαῖρα (sphaira), meaning 'ball' or 'sphere') is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.

An atmosphere is more likely to be retained if the gravity it is subject to is high and the temperature of the atmosphere is low. The Solar System [b] is the gravitationally bound system of the Sun and the objects that orbit it, either directly or indirectly.

[c] Of the objects that orbit the Sun directly, the largest are the eight planets, [d] with the remainder being smaller objects, the dwarf planets and small Solar System bodies. Of the objects that orbit the Sun indirectly—the moons —two are larger than the Location: Local Interstellar Cloud, Local Bubble.

THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE PLANETS The New Solar System Two books set the stage for the scientific exploration of the solar system. The first was The Face of the Moon, by R. Baldwin (Chicago, ) who correctly identified the lunar craters as impact produced, and the maria as filled with basaltic lava flows.

By analyzing their atmospheres, astronomers found that these two planets are unlikely to have the light, large, and puffy characteristics of atmospheres found on. In this chart, T ave is the actual (measured) average surface temperature, T nom is a 'nominal' temperature based solely on the planet's distance from the sun, and T esc is a measure of how much gravity is present.

T esc is the temperature the planet would need to have in order for the atmosphere to almost instantly disappear. Inspection of the following (hidden) table establishes that, except.

An artist's image of the exoplanet HD b as starlight streams through the planet's atmosphere. Scientists are searching atmospheres on other planets for possible signs of life. Each of the planets has a different atmosphere, although there are clear similarities between the atmospheres of the four terrestrial planets and the four gas giant planets.

The terrestrial planets are rich in heavier gases and gaseous compounds, such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen, ozone, and argon.

Over the past twenty years, astronomers have identified hundreds of extrasolar planets--planets orbiting stars other than the sun. Recent research in this burgeoning field has made it possible to observe and measure the atmospheres of these exoplanets.

This is the first textbook to describe the basic physical processes--including radiative transfer, molecular absorption, and chemical processes Reviews: 1.

The Atmospheres of the Solar System. Click to enlarge We’re heading out of this world for today’s post, to examine the atmospheric compositions of. Jupiter is the biggest planet in the Solar system, the pink giant. Its diameter is times more than the Earth`s one. Jupiter consists of helium and hydrogen.

The pressure and temperature in the depths of Jupiter are enormous; its winds can reach km per hour; its magnetic field is thousands times more powerful than the Earth`s. This work is addressed to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in astronomy, geology, chemistry, meteorology, and the planetary sciences as well as to researchers with pertinent areas of specialization who desire an introduction to the literature across the broad interdisciplinary Price: $ The giant planets are very far from the Sun.

Jupiter is more than five times farther from the Sun than Earth’s distance (5 AU), and takes just under 12 years to circle the Sun. Saturn is about twice as far away as Jupiter (almost 10 AU) and takes nearly 30 years to complete one orbit.

The planets would be colder than their actual surface temperatures. How would Earth and Venus in specific be w/o the "greenhouse temperature". Earth would be 31 C colder (below freezing on average) and Venus would be C colder.

Neptune is the 8th and final planet in the Solar System, orbiting the Sun at a distance of AU ( x 10 9 km) at perihelion and AU ( x 10 9 km) at aphelion.

Get this from a library. Planets and their atmospheres: origin and evolution. [John S Lewis; Ronald G Prinn] -- This work is addressed to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in astronomy, geology, chemistry, meteorology, and the planetary sciences as.

Figure 1 The giant planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune (bottom to top, respectively) shown to scale. PLANETARY ATMOSPHERES / Jupiter and the Outer Planets –1 bar cloud is File Size: KB.

Since planets vary widely in their atmospheric properties, Seager emphasizes the major physical processes that govern all planetary atmospheres. Moving from first principles to cutting-edge research, Exoplanet Atmospheres is an ideal resource for students and researchers in astronomy and earth sciences, one that will help prepare them for the Brand: Sara Seager.

For the first time, scientists explore the atmosphere of an Earth-sized exoplanet Artist's view of planets transiting a red dwarf star in the TRAPPIST-1.

Properties and Compositions of Exoplanet Atmospheres. The observational study of exoplanet atmospheres is still a nascent and rapidly developing field, and at the moment is restricted mainly to hotmore than two dozen gas-giant exoplanet atmospheres have been studied. The Formation and Evolution of Planetary Atmospheres For some of the planetary atmospheres, it is easy to understand their origin.

In the case of the Jovian planets, the last stage of their formation involved the gravitational accumulation of huge amounts of hydroen and other gases, and their atmospheres naturally arose directly from this.

All four giant planets in our solar system - Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune - have very thick, deep atmospheres. The smaller, rocky planets - Earth, Venus and Mars - have much thinner atmospheres hovering above their solid surfaces. A few moons also have atmospheres, though most of. What makes an atmosphere.

How can gases escape from a planet?If you are big enough planet, like Jupiter or Saturn, you kept the atmosphere that was the remnants of the gas in the solar nebula when the planets were formed (mostly hydrogen and helium). The smaller, inner planets probably got their atmospheres from the outgassing that occurred as they cooled down (volcanoes).

The inner four planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars) lost their original atmospheres. The atmospheres they have now are from gases released from their interiors, but Mercury and Mars have even lost most of their secondary atmospheres.

The outer four planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) were able to keep their original atmospheres. This book reviews the current state of knowledge of the atmospheres of the giant gaseous planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. The current theories of their formation are reviewed and their recently observed temperature, composition and cloud structures are contrasted and compared with simple thermodynamic, radiative transfer and dynamical : Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

a secondary atmosphere: Chemical species that were brought in within the solids that accreted to form the planet. Given that atmospheric volatiles were brought to the terrestrial planets incorporated in solids, there is still uncertainty about. Like the terrestrial planets, atmospheres of the gas giants can change dramatically over time.

The Great Red Spot on Jupiter is a storm that has been observed through telescopes for more than years. While the Spot itself has never disappeared, circulation patterns within the Spot are constantly changing.

Although hurricane-like in nature. A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that. is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity,; is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and; has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.

[a] [1] [2]The term planet is ancient, with ties to history, astrology, science, mythology, and l planets in the Solar System can be seen. The terrestrial planets have atmospheres which are very thin, while the atmospheres of the major planets are very deep and hence the two groups present quite different problems.

Because of our better understanding of the Earth’s atmosphere it will be discussed in detail first and then other atmospheres will be compared with that of the by: Formation of outer planet atmospheres • Unlike the terrestrial planets, the gas giants were too massive, cold, and distant from the Sun to have lost their original atmospheres • If so, the giant planets are made up of primitive material from the solar nebula - > primary atmospheres • Both Jupiter and the Sun are ~85% hydrogen, ~15% helium.

For the first time, scientists have detected an atmosphere around a planet beyond our solar system that's just a little bit larger than Earth. The exoplanet GJ b, which orbits the dwarf star.

The trickle of discoveries has become a torrent. Little more than two decades after the first planets were found orbiting other stars, improved instruments on the ground and in space have sent the.Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.

If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF.The atmospheres of extrasolar planets Introduction In this chapter we examine what can be learned about extrasolar planet atmospheres by concentrating on a class of planets that transit their parent stars.

As discussed in the previous chapter, one way of detecting an extraso-File Size: 1MB.

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